Services provided for disorders that affect a patient’s ability to communicate verbally, ability to swallow and those that affect their memory or orientation. Speech therapists can use verbal and nonverbal communication aids to help patients communicate effectively. Problems with dysphagia or difficulty swallowing can lead to weight loss or aspiration. A speech therapist can help a patient modify their diet, educate on safe swallowing strategies and practice oral motor and pharyngeal exercises. To aid the patient’s with memory loss/orientation, a speech therapist can develop programs with structured memory tasks, problem solving, reasoning, visual and auditory aids, calendars and family education.